Friday Offcuts – 9 October 2020

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This week we cover several updates from Australia following on from the devastating bush fires that swept across the east of the county from September 2019 through to March of this year. As of early March, the fires had reportedly burnt an estimated 18.6 million hectares. Almost two-thirds of NSW's state forest set aside for logging was damaged including almost 430,000 hectares (about 62 per cent of the total) of harvestable native forest. Understandably, log supplies, both immediate and longer term have been impacted (as we’ve reported recently) and they’re just now starting to put some figures around the longer-term impact on the timber industry and the economy. A milestone of sorts was also reached this week with 2 million tonnes fire-affected timber harvested, hauled and sold from the FCNSW’s bushfire-affected Tumut and Bombala softwood plantations.

In an effort to re-establish forests that were burnt in Victoria, the re-seeding of thousands of hectares of Mountain and Alpine Ash forest has also started. Between May and July, more than 4.5 tonnes of eucalyptus seed, has been spread by helicopters across nearly 11,500 hectares of fire ravaged country. The focus has been on the nationally distinctive forests in Gippsland and North East Victoria. It’s been claimed that this year’s reseeding operations are the largest forest restoration operation ever undertaken in Victoria’s history.

This week we’ve included a more detailed report exploring the fundamentals of the Japanese pulp and paper sector and what it means for global suppliers of hardwood chips into this market. Facing continuous cost pressures (especially now with the global pulp and paper sector being at or near the bottom of a price cycle), the industry’s increasingly on the look out for lower cost wood chips. It’s also been relaxing the acceptance of lower quality materials. This was seen in the first half of this year where Australian wood chips were partly replaced by lower cost supplies coming out of Vietnam. The report has been produced by Ilkka Kuusisto, an independent forestry industry consultant based in Singapore who’s been working with Margules Groome.

And finally, a couple of updates on upcoming technology events. With just over two weeks until New Zealand’s annual mass timber conference, WoodWorks 2020, registrations are running high. With the strongest growth in mid-rise and tall timber buildings been seen in North America and more recently, Australia, the local event increasingly is attracting architects, project managers, developers and engineers from across the country. To see the line-up of presenters or to register, click here. This is shaping up to be an event that will assist in a paradigm shift in commercial building trends. And for the forest technology event, ForestTECH 2020 that runs on 18-19 November, for those that plan on attending the Rotorua event, discounted early-bird registrations FINISH today. So if keen - best get onto it – today. And on that note, enjoy this week’s read.



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Victoria undertakes largest restoration effort

In an AU$7.7 million operation to restore forests devastated by last summer’s bushfires, the Victorian Government is undertaking its largest restoration effort by airlifting more than 4.5 tonnes of eucalypt seeds into the devastated areas.

Funding from Bushfire Recovery Victoria’s AU$110 million State Recovery Plan is helping recover thousands of hectares of burnt Mountain and Alpine Ash forest and enabling seed to be collected from healthy bushland to ensure the re-seeding work can be ongoing.

Between May and July, more than 4.5 tonnes of eucalypt seed, 3 tonnes of which came from VicForests’ contingency reserves, was spread by helicopter across nearly 11,500 hectares of fire ravaged country, an area the equivalent of about 5,650 MCGs.

The re-seeding focuses on areas of nationally distinctive forests in Gippsland and North East Victoria that also suffered the impacts of fire in 2003, 2007 and 2014, and were severely burned again in the 2019/20 season.

Victorian Minister for Energy, the Environment and Climate Change Lily D’Ambrosio advised “this airlift operation has seen helicopters drop tonnes of eucalypt seeds across areas devastated by the latest fires. It is the largest forest restoration operation in Victoria’s history. “These seeds, which are unfurling on our forest floors right now, will create giants of the bush that will outlive us all, and develop ecosystems to protect Victoria’s unique animals and plant life.”

The 2019/20 summer fires severely impacted Alpine Ash forests in both State forests and national parks, creating concern that without action some plant species could be compromised. The BRV funding will also support research to better understand the impact of high severity bushfires to guide future forest restoration efforts. The project is being delivered by the Department of Environment Land Water and Planning in partnership with VicForests, Parks Victoria, and contractors from regional Victoria.

More than 56 people have been working on the reforestation project. All activity has complied with DHHS requirements to prioritise the safety of the Victorian community as well as staff. Victorian Minister for Agriculture Jaclyn Symes adds “this reseeding project is a fantastic partnership – it makes the most of VicForests’ skills and knowledge of the forests to support the regeneration of bushfire-impacted areas.”

For more information on Bushfire Recovery Victoria click here

Source: ausleisure

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Australia Federal Budget welcomed by industry

The Federal Budget delivered by Treasurer Josh Frydenberg on Tuesday this week has been welcomed by the Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA) for its significant measures to support jobs, businesses, and manufacturing investment as Australia looks to kickstart the economy.

The Budget details an AU$65 million bushfire support package that will provide relief to forest industries devastated by the Black Summer bushfires, including the AU$40 million Forestry Recovery Development Fund, AU$10 million Salvage Log Storage Fund, and the AU$15 million Forestry Transport Assistance Fund. The Federal Government’s AU$250 million waste and recycling infrastructure investment is essential to support innovation in this important sector.

“The Budget has detailed measures, including components of the AU$1.9 billion for low emissions and renewable technologies, that should support our renewable forest industries, regional jobs, and help develop new bioenergy and the bioeconomy initiatives. We know that bioenergy can deliver baseload power 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, unlike many alternative renewables, and wood fibre is a sustainable biological resource that produces renewable wood and paper products, including new innovative bioproducts,” said the Acting CEO of AFPA Gavin Matthew.

“There is a clear recognition that housing construction is the engine room for growth and jobs in Australia’s economy. Australia’s timber processing industry supplies most of the renewable timber products for new houses built in Australia and a substantial portion of multi-unit and commercial construction. The Federal Government’ HomeBuilder program is welcome and has seen confidence in the new home market improve. HomeBuilder’s extension beyond 2020 and ongoing refinement of its settings are needed to ensure this important activity continues,” Mr Matthew said.

This week’s Federal Budget also detailed the ongoing initial implementation of the National Forest Industries Plan. AFPA and industry will continue to work with the Federal Government on measures to plant the one billion new trees target, and ensure the elements needed to turbocharge local forest products manufacturing in this country are delivered.

Other important Budget measures include:

• AU$1 billion in new national housing corporation bonds for more affordable housing construction.
• AU$150 million in the Indigenous Home Ownership Program.
• AU$2 billion investment in road safety upgrades.
• Temporary full expensing of depreciable assets for businesses with turnover below AU$5 billion.
• AU$2 billion through the Research and Development Tax Incentive and AU$1 billion for new research funding for our universities.
• AU$1.2 billion to create 100,000 new apprenticeships and traineeships, with a 50 per cent wage subsidy for businesses who employ them.
• AU$31.5 million towards improving the regime for ag-vet chemical access and approvals.
• AU$28 million over four years to strengthen biosecurity technologies to enhance the scanning of imported products.


Source: AFPA

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Two-thirds of harvestable native forests damaged

Almost two-thirds of NSW's state forest set aside for logging was damaged during last season's huge bushfires, adding pressure on remaining unburnt regions. Data compiled by the Department of Regional NSW shows that almost 430,000 hectares of so-called harvestable native forest were damaged by fire, or about 62 per cent of the total. By contrast, the damage to public hardwood plantations was only about 16 per cent, or more than 5,500 hectares.

A document dated May 2020 states that without government support, the gross value added by the forestry and timber processing industry in NSW would shrink by AU$75 million over the coming three years. "As salvage operations wind down, (gross value add) is forecast to be about AU$915 million lower over 15 years," the report said, adding the loss of supply "significantly" threatened the viability of a "world-scale industry".

A spokeswoman for Forestry Corporation said the area of state forests available for logging is about 690,000 hectares out of 1.9 million hectares of the total state forest lands. While the area of harvestable timber damaged by fire was large, the intensity of the bushfires varied. "On the north coast, about half of the area of forest available for timber harvesting were not burnt and about 20 per cent burnt at low severity which does not generate the same impacts as more intense fires, " she said.

The data also showed that the fires damaged a quarter of the state-owned softwood plantations, or 57,000 hectares. The blazes also scorched about a quarter of the privately held softwood and hardwood plantations, or about 51,000 hectares. Private Native Forestry areas also suffered damaged over 213,000 hectares, or around 1,200 such approved plans, the document showed, without providing a proportion of the total.

More >>

Source: Sydney Morning Herald



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The Japanese Pulp & Paper industry and chip imports

Japan has long been recognised as a global leader in industrial efficiency and competitiveness, with examples extending to electronics, automation and car manufacturing. By contrast, Japan’s pulp and paper industry is seemingly uncompetitive and outdated. It has been built on familiar principles applied in many of Japan’s primary industries, which only focuses on maximising local production and supply security.

Under these principles, the pulp and paper industry prioritise the import of basic raw material (being woodchips) and targets the maximum value-add within Japan. This strategy presents risks, but also security, to both international suppliers of raw materials and to Japanese companies. This attached report will explore the fundamentals of the Japanese pulp and paper sector and what it means for global suppliers of hardwood chips.

Click here to view the report.

In summary, the report explores the implications for hardwood chip demand. The largest users of imported hardwood chips in Japan are Nippon Paper, Oji, Hokuetsu, Daio, Mitsubishi and Chuetsu. The closures of printing and writing paper machines have taken place at mills owned by Nippon Paper, Oji, Hokuetsu, Daio, Mitsubishi, Chuetsu and Marusumi. This is not an isolated case of one company closing capacity, this is the whole Japanese paper industry adjusting to lower demand. And it is likely to continue.

The good thing is that these mills still have several small and old paper machines that can be closed one by one while retaining the expensive pulp production operations. This will ensure the continuing need for imported wood chips albeit with gradually reducing imported volumes each year.

As detailed in the report, Japanese pulp and paper mills are not competitive and are facing continuous cost pressure. This is especially the case when the global pulp and paper sector is at or near the bottom of a price cycle (as it appears in the current climate). Cost pressures lead to an ongoing search for lower cost wood chips and relaxed acceptance of lower quality materials; this is unsurprising given raw material input represents some 50-60% of the cost of pulp manufacturing. This already happened during the first half of this year with imports from Australia being partly replaced by lower cost supplies from Vietnam.

Japanese companies have established several fast-growing plantations in Asia-Pacific, South America and Africa with the intention of increasing self-sufficiency in raw material supply. Most of these plantations have been divested in recent years, breaking one link in the supply chain.

Source: Margules Groome

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A sawmilling business “pinking up” for a good cause

For this October, AKD are once again Pinking Up in support of the McGrath Foundation to help raise awareness and support to help fund McGrath Breast Care Nurses who provide invaluable support and care for the Women and Men who are experiencing Breast Cancer.

They are again encouraging all AKD team members and customers to wear their pink shirts and shoelaces for the month of October, and this year they are also supplying pink face masks free of charge to all employees and asking them to also make a personal donation to the charity.

Shane Vicary, AKD’s CEO shared that “we have set ourselves a target of AU$50,000 this year which is more than double what we raised last year. We are pushing hard this year to reach this ambitious goal and we have already raised almost AU$10,000, and it’s only the start of October! To make a difference to this worthy cause, we need to rev up our generosity; everyone can make a positive difference and that’s got to feel good after the year we’ve all had so far!”.

To promote the cause even more publicly and to really make heads turn, the company is even changing their product wrap for the entire month of October to include the Pink AKD logo, the McGrath Foundation logo and the donation link that people can follow to donate to this fantastic cause.

This change in wrap was suggested by AKD’s product wrap supplier Pakaflex, who have agreed to do this new wrap design at no extra cost and have also kindly donated AU$1,000 to the McGrath Foundation. Many of AKD’s customers and suppliers are also getting on board with the pink facemasks in support of raising donations and awareness.

Mr Vicary added that “this is a great opportunity to really get the message out to everyone who interacts with our products – freight companies, fabricators, merchants, packaging manufacturers, builders – to create awareness for the cause and help us hit our fundraising target of AU$50,000”.

Source: AKD

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Proposed increase to Australian forest grower levies

Australia’s forest growers are being asked to support a proposed increase to the sector’s R&D and biosecurity levy to address the decline in funding and capacity for vital forest science research, development and extension (RD&E) and to tackle ever-increasing biosecurity threats.

A group of forest growers that collectively produce over 90 per cent of Australia’s log volume has developed a research strategy that, if supported across the sector through a proposed increase to the Forest Growers Levy, will boost productivity, lower costs, increase resilience and reduce losses from drought, fire, pests and diseases.

The Australian Forest Products Association (AFPA) has backed the proposal and urges all Australian forest growers to support the minor increase which will deliver benefits across the plantation and native forest estates through Commonwealth-matched RD&E projects.

“With this proposal forest growers have the chance to increase current investment levels for RD&E and biosecurity to grow our renewable industry over the long term, increase the resilience of our forests, and build much-needed RD&E capacity”, AFPA Chief Executive Officer Ross Hampton said.

“Australia’s biosecurity threat from exotic pests has never been higher. For example, Giant Pine Scale was discovered in 2015 in Victoria and then South Australia and has since been declared un-eradicable in Australia. This exotic pest may be slow moving, but it has a devastating impact on the trees it infests. Investing in biosecurity will help us improve Australia’s success rate in eradicating exotic pests which currently sits at half the success rate achieved globally.”

Forest growers are seeking industry-wide support for an increase to the existing forest growers levy of $0.135 per m3 of log in two parts:

• an increase to the forestry RD&E levy from $0.05 to $0.135 per m3 and
• an increase to the PHA biosecurity levy from $0.005 per m3 to $0.05 per m3.

The proposed levy increase needs to be agreed and voted on by a majority of forest growers who participate. To register to be part of the voting process, and participate in the consultation process, please visit ausfpa.com.au/forest-growers-levyor email forestgrowerslevy@ausfpa.com.au or Tel:(03) 6163 8901 by the 6 November 2020.

Source: AFPA



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Relocatable bridges a winning solution

A bridge designed to carry heavy forestry loads is a substantial capital investment – but what if you could relocate that bridge and use it across multiple harvests? That’s exactly what Juken NZ Ltd (JNL) decided to do when commissioning two new bridges. In a first for Bridge It NZ, both crossings are designed to be disassembled in the years to come and moved to new sites within JNL’s forestry estate on the North Island’s East Coast in New Zealand.

“A lot of our forests are still in their first rotation and we have identified a handful of other sites that are likely to require bridges in future,” explains JNL’s Planning and Engineering Manager Patrick Bethel. “So having the ability to pick a bridge up and transport it elsewhere – at a fraction of the price to build a new one – is an ideal solution. We can move them to suit our harvesting and heavy traffic requirements.”

The first bridge at Rata Road, Wharerata (just south of Gisborne) was installed in August 2020. An existing culvert had blown apart during a storm many years ago, and until now JNL hadn’t required access to that particular block in the Pamoa Forest so the issue remained unresolved.

Pat weighed up the cost of installing another culvert versus building a bridge. The ongoing maintenance costs required to keep culverts clear of debris to avoid scour and erosion issues meant a bridge would be cheaper in the long-run. Bridges also provide greater clearance and flow capacity and are a better ecological option for native fisheries.

“We looked at the real cost – not just the installation. The maintenance you can spend on culverts and pipes can get pretty hefty, pretty quick. And that’s where the bridge really shines for us. It’s pretty much a case of ‘put it in, walk away’ and not have to worry.”

After carrying out all necessary site investigations, Bridge It NZ’s engineering partner designed an 18m x 4m steel beam bridge with timber deck capable of holding a full HNH072 load (required for forestry truck and trailer units and heavy machinery). Resource and building consent was obtained from Gisborne District Council and Bridge It NZ fabricated and installed the new bridge, taking care of the entire project management process.

A second relocatable bridge will be installed at ‘Centre Track’ in late 2020. Together, both crossings will give JNL the ability to access and harvest around 425,000 tonnes of wood from the Pamoa Forest in the next four to five years. Another significant benefit is the two bridge crossings will shave 24km off each round trip to the harvest site, allowing JNL crews to avoid some treacherous roads and saving an estimated NZ$1 million over the duration of the upcoming harvest.

“The second bridge will provide a shorter haul route for a lot of the Pamoa Forest. It takes away our reliance on a very shaky back-country council road that JNL and other forestry companies have probably already spent a NZ$1 million worth of maintenance on already. We will be able to go internally out of the forest via the new bridge and avoid a big ugly climb and a big ugly road.”

For further details check out the full story that appears in this month's issue of HarvestTECH.News



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Tasmania launches updated Forest Practices Code

The Forest Practices Authority (FPA) released a new issue of the Forest Practices Code on 6 October 2020. The Forest Practices Code 2020 is the fifth version of the Code since it was first released in 1987. The changes are a result of the most comprehensive review in 20 years. FPA Chair, John Ramsay, launched the new Code saying, ‘The review found that most of the code was still relevant and fit-for-purpose but some aspects were updated and some new material was added.’ The new Code will come into force on 1 January 2021.



The FPA is an independent statutory body that administers the Tasmanian forest practices system on both public and private land. Its primary responsibility is regulating the management of forest and threatened non-forest vegetation. For further coverage of the launch click here

More details

Source: FPA



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Logging halted in 19 coupes

Last Friday, resources minister Guy Barnett confirmed forestry operations at several sites in Tasmania had been halted due to high court action over the Regional Forestry Agreement. Earlier in the day, Sustainable Timber Tasmania announced it had agreed to not conduct forestry activity in 19 coupes in Tasmania, effective immediately.

"I am advised that Sustainable Timber Tasmania are taking the proactive step, following consultation with industry, to suspend operations in a limited number of coupes," Mr Barnett said. "This will allow the case against the legality of the RFA by the Bob Brown Foundation to be brought forward and resolved sooner." Mr Barnett said the move will provide certainty for forestry employees.

The Bob Brown Foundation launched legal action two weeks ago against STT, claiming its logging of native forests in Tasmania did not accord with the Regional Forest Agreements Act 2002. The BBF also lodged an injunction application on September 30 to the Federal Court, seeking to prevent forestry activity in the 19 coupes to stop the logging of trees "essential to Tasmania's critically endangered swift parrot".

More >>

Source: examiner

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Mental Health Matters courses running

Future Foresters are proud to be able to offer 5 Red Cross Mental Health Matters courses across New Zealand in 2020, with 4 left to go. While most New Zealanders are comfortable openly discussing physical health, the stigma of talking about mental health remains. When the struggle is not visible, it’s the moment we need to communicate the most, but the very time we find it most difficult.

They are rolling out events throughout NZ and hope to see you all there for an afternoon of learning. Keep an eye out for a post-event networking event open to all. This course is free for participants to attend and we encourage all areas of the sector to attend!

The course is limited to 20 participants and they are starting to fill up so to reserve your spot please contact your regional leader asap (emails below).

(Dependant on being at COVID alert level 1 or 2).

Dates and Locations:

Friday 16th October: Rotorua
Time: 1pm to 5pm
Location: NZRC Service Centre, cnr Rangiuru St and Lake Rd, Rotorua
Regional Leader: Hazel Swanson – hazel.swanson@tll.co.nz

Friday 30th October: Wellington
Time: 12.30pm to 4.30pm
Location: Red cross House, 69 Molesworth St, Wellington
Regional Leader: Jack Palmer - jack.palmer@forme.co.nz

Friday 30th October: Dunedin
Time: 1pm to 5pm
Location: NZ Red Cross, 31 York Place, Dunedin
Regional Leader: Acacia Farmery – acacia.farmery@rayonier.com

Friday 6th November: Nelson
Time: 12pm to 4pm
Location: NZRC Service Centre, 59 Parkers Rd, Nelson
Regional Leader: Christoph Riedel - christoph.riedel@onefortyone.co.nz.

Source: Future Foresters

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NZ forestry’s high achievers recognised

The New Zealand Institute of Forestry (NZIF) has announced the winners of its prestigious 2020 awards. In what has been an exceptionally difficult year for many, the forestry sector remains a significant contributor to the New Zealand economy. NZIF President James Treadwell says the industry is working hard to thrive with the unique challenges of 2020. But according to Treadwell “We’re fortunate with our high-calibre industry professionals who set the standards for others to aspire to. The NZIF relishes the opportunity to celebrate with ‘the best of the best’ and to proudly champion the recipients of NZIF’s awards.”

This year’s recipients are acknowledged for their diverse range of skills and experience. From hard graft and commitment at grass roots level, to high level policy planning and execution, and academic leadership. 2020’s New Zealand forestry ‘heroes’ are Bruce Manley, Julie Collins and Adrian Loo. The NZIF has also appointed two new Fellows, Bill Liley and Dennis Neilson.

The highest honour in New Zealand forestry is the Kirk Horn Award, which is the oldest science award in New Zealand. This biennial prize recognises a person for their outstanding contribution to the forestry industry at large.

Bruce Manley receives the 2020 award in recognition for the major impact he’s made from a lifetime’s work as a researcher and educator. This has culminated at the University of Canterbury where Professor Manley is the Head of the Forestry school. Highly respected by students and industry members alike, under his leadership, the forestry faculty has developed into a thriving hub of good practice and innovation, which bodes well for the future of the industry.

The NZIF Forester of the Year is a highly coveted prize which rewards a person for their outstanding contribution to the forestry sector within the year. The 2020 recipient is Julie Collins. Collins has demonstrated exemplar leadership, excellence and personal integrity in her work within the industry for decades. Using her impressive body of high-level policy planning expertise, Collins today heads Te Uru Rākau, the government Forestry Agency. She ensures a strong voice for forestry within government and is a key supporter of diversity in the industry, giving her time freely to inspire others.

The Prince of Wales Sustainability Cup recognises the achievements of an outstanding young forest professional who is highly engaged in the principles of sustainable forest management. This year’s recipient is Adrian Loo. Performing exceptional forestry management work, he is an environmental manager working with the 1BT program to encourage new planting. Loo works hard to focus landowners on diversification of land use through the addition of exotic and native forests. He is dedicated to growing the estate in an environmentally sustainable way and actively promoting these concepts to others. A founding member of Future Foresters, young Loo is already strongly committed to inspiring others to focus on the wise use and conservation of forests and their ecosystems.

Source: NZIF

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Two million tonnes of fire salvaged timber sold

Forestry Corporation of NSW has reached an important recovery milestone – two million tonnes of fire-affected timber has been harvested, hauled and sold from the organisation’s bushfire-affected Tumut and Bombala softwood plantations.

Forestry Corporation’s Acting Snowy Regional Manager, Louise Bourke, said the milestone represents around 46,700 truckloads of logs and was a significant boost for communities recovering from the devastating 2019-20 bushfire season.

“Congratulations to our staff and industry partners for this result,” Ms Bourke said. “The salvage harvesting program has meant the local timber industry has had an incredibly busy year, and can continue to support the region’s recovery from the impact of the bushfire season.”

Forestry Corporation is working with local harvesting and haulage contractors and mills to help ensure timber is available for the NSW community to rebuild after the fires. “Whilst the fire was clearly a devastating event, the recovery process has been a boost for some local contracting businesses this year in what are otherwise very difficult times,” Ms Bourke said.

Roughly one third of the plantations in the area surrounding Tumut and Bombala were impacted by the 2019-2020 bushfires. After a fire, there is a 12-month window to salvage the timber before it starts to deteriorate. To find out more about Forestry Corporation and the recovery harvesting program, visit www.forestrycorporation.com.au

Source: FCNSW

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Labour plans more forestry controls

In New Zealand in the lead up to the election in just over a week, the Labour party has announced some key aspects of its plans to replace the Resource Management Act, and confirmed it will would revise the National Environmental Standards for Plantation Forestry.

Labour leader Jacinda Ardern and environment spokesman David Parker say that if Labour is re-elected it will repeal the Resource Management Act and replace it with two new laws - a Natural and Built Environments Act and a Strategic Planning Act. As part of that process, Labour will also introduce a third piece of legislation, a Managed Retreat and Climate Change Adaptation Act, which was a one of the recommendations in The Randerson report on the Resource Management Act.

That would put a framework in place to assist people that need to relocate from coastal areas due to the effects of climate change such as coastal erosion. Labour also intends to revise current regulation to restrict the planting of plantation forests in certain areas. Ardern and Parker's statement said Labour would revise the National Environmental Standards for Plantation Forestry in its first six months of government if re-elected, to enable councils to determine what classes of land can be plantation and carbon forests.

"While increased forestry provides environmental benefits for New Zealand, we do not want to see our most productive farm land planted in exotic trees," the statement said. "We also need to avoid trees being planted in areas where they could cause wilding tree problems, or in water-short areas where they could impact significantly on currently available water resources."

Source: interest.co.nz



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Land gift for Te Pohue water supply

A very generous gift of land from Rayonier Matariki Forests will ensure residents getting their drinking water from Te Pohue’s water network will have a safer, more resilient supply.

Hastings District Council is upgrading its eight small community water supplies as part of its Hastings Drinking Water Strategy, to improve drinking water safety, resilience and capacity across the district. The challenge in Te Pohue was finding suitable land on which to site the treatment facility and two 30,000 litre fire-fighting reservoirs. A discussion between Council staff and Rayonier Matariki Forests on potential options led to the forestry company offering Council and the Te Pohue community 600m2 of land for $1.

Hastings deputy mayor and rural councillor Tania Kerr said the gift was “incredibly generous. It was proving a real challenge to find space for this infrastructure, but once we talked to the Rayonier team the problem was quickly resolved and at no cost to our community. We are very grateful.”

Rayonier Matariki Forests Harvest Planning Manager Andy Fleming said the company was delighted to support the small community that it is a big part of. “We were very pleased to be involved and help make this important water infrastructure project happen. It is of huge importance to the Te Pohue community and gifting our land meant that we could make a meaningful contribution to the ongoing safety of the water supply.”

Te Pohue resident and chair of the community’s water supply committee Kiri Goodspeed said the agreement with the Council that it would resume management of the supply and improve it to meet National Drinking Water Standards was the best outcome for residents. “Knowing that we have a safe, secure supply to our homes and to the school is critically important. It was very unlikely that the community could have met the new drinking water standards alone, and it also removes the need for succession planning required for a community-managed supply.

The eight small community supplies are at varying stages. The Haumoana/Te Awanga/Parkhill project is almost completed with a blessing and open day scheduled for October and two facilities are underway in Whirinaki/Esk and Waimarama. Others are in the midst of community discussions and/or the Resource Consent process.

Photo: Making ground: On the section gifted by Rayonier Matariki Forests to Te Pohue are, from left: Hastings deputy mayor and rural councillor Tania Kerr, Gair contractor's heavy machinery operator Pearl Jury, in charge of flattening the hill, and Rayonier Matariki Forests Harvest Planning Manager Andy Fleming.

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Jobs



Buy and Sell



... and one to end the week on ... more questions

A few more of those questions that were set in last year's GED examination answered by 16 year olds.

Q. What is artificial insemination
A. When the farmer does it to the bull instead of the cow

Q. How can you delay milk turning sour
A. Keep it in the cow (Simple, but brilliant)

Q. How are the main 20 parts of the body categorised (e.g. The abdomen)
A. The body is consisted into 3 parts - the brainium, the borax and the abdominal cavity. The brainium contains the brain, the borax contains the heart and lungs and the abdominal cavity contains the five bowels: A, E, I,O,U

Q. What is the fibula?
A. A small lie

Q. What is the most common form of birth control
A. Most people prevent contraception by wearing a condominium (That would work)

Q. Give the meaning of the term 'Caesarean section'
A. The caesarean section is a district in Rome

Q. What is a seizure?
A. A Roman Emperor. (Julius Seizure, I came, I saw, I had a fit)

Q. What is a terminal illness
A. When you are sick at the airport. (Irrefutable)

Q. Give an example of a fungus. What is a characteristic feature?
A. Mushrooms. They always grow in damp places and they look like umbrellas

Q. What does the word 'benign' mean?
A. Benign is what you will be after you be eight (brilliant)

Q. What is a turbine?
A. Something an Arab or Shreik wears on his head



And one more for you. A Texan farmer goes to Australia for a vacation. There he meets an Aussie farmer and gets talking. The Aussie shows off his big wheat field and the Texan says: “Oh! We have wheat fields that are at least twice as large.”

Then they walk around the ranch a little and the Aussie shows off his herd of cattle. The Texan immediately says: “We have longhorns that are at least twice as large as your cows.”

The conversation has, meanwhile, almost died when the Texan sees a herd of kangaroos hopping through the field. He asks: “And what are those?” The Aussie asks with an incredulous look: “Don’t you have any grasshoppers in Texas?”






And on that note, enjoy your weekend. Cheers.

Brent Apthorp
Editor, Friday Offcuts
Distinction Dunedin Hotel
6 Liverpool Street, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
PO Box 904, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
Tel: +64 (03) 470 1902, Mob: +64 21 227 5177, Fax: +64 (03) 470 1906
Web page: www.fridayoffcuts.com


This week's extended issue, along with back issues, can be viewed at www.fridayoffcuts.com

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